PAD Symptoms and Treatment Information
PAD stands for Peripheral Artery Disease which is a condition where deposits, called calcium or plaque, build up over time on the inside walls of the arteries in your legs. This build up causes the arteries to narrow, reducing blood flow to the legs and feet.
- Between 8 million and 12 million Americans have PAD.
- One in three people over the age of 50 with diabetes is likely to have PAD.
- More than 50% of the 160,000 individuals who have a leg or foot amputated each year never had a vascular diagnostic evaluation to determine if blood flow could be restored.
1. US Department of Health & Human Services National Institute of Health August 2006. 2. What is the link between diabetes and PAD?Vascular Disease Foundation website. Accessed Feb. 1, 2013. 3. Goodney PP, Travis LL, Nallamothu BK, et al. Variation in the Use of Lower Extremity Vascular Procedure for CLI. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes.2012; 5:94-102.
An ABI, also known as an Ankle-Brachial Index test, compares the blood pressure in your ankles to the blood pressures in your arms. It is a quick, non-invasive way of checking your risk for PAD.
There is no special preparation needed for an ABI test and it takes about 20 minutes to complete.
ABI Results & What They Mean
1.0 to 1.4 − No blockage
A number between 1.0 and 1.4 indicates that you don’t currently have a blockage, but if you have risk factors for PAD, you should be screened regularly to monitor your risk.
0.9 or less − Blockage
A number less than 1 indicates a blockage. Depending on how low the number is, blockage may range from mild to severe.
1.4 or more − Rigid arteries
A number higher than 1.4 may mean your arteries are rigid and don’t compress when the blood pressure cuff is inflated. You may need an ultrasound to check for PAD instead of an ABI test.
ABI Test Benefits
Decrease your risk of circulatory problems, heart disease, & stroke. PAD can be an indicator of blockages elsewhere in the body. If these blockages are left unchecked, they can lead to heart attack and stroke.
Early detection of PAD by an ABI test allows for the development of a treatment plan to help prevent these potentially life-threatening conditions.
Prevent debilitating discomfort and possible amputation. PAD can sometimes lead to a condition called critical limb ischemia. This condition begins with open sores that don’t heal or infections in the feet or legs.
If left untreated, these infections can cause tissue death that may require amputation of the affected limb.
For more information, download our brochure.